Science As Politics; Politics As Science

C. Coleman
Source

Reporting from the #SciWri15 Covering Public Controversies session.

You gotta love Kathleen Hall Jamieson. Jamieson is the doyenne of political communication. Kathleen Hall Jamieson

In addition to her impressive career as a public affairs and media scholar at the University of Pennsylvania, Jamieson is one of journalist Bill Moyers’ go-to sources [Moyers 2012]. Pop open a video a Moyers’ program on media and politics, and you’ll find Jamieson, primed for a well-reasoned, fact-checked discussion.

At the National Association of Science Writers 2015 meeting in Boston, Jamieson was among the speakers discussing science, knowledge, and public opinion.

Surrounded by a horde of science writers, Jamieson made a confession: “I was interested in politics, and quickly discovered I needed to know science.”

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weigh carefully the time and space [you] allow politicians to trash-talk science

Jamieson was referring to the ways politicians massage science. For instance, former presidential candidate Michele Bachman once told reporters that a vaccine caused a child’s mental illness, while Donald Trump recently announced that vaccines cause autism. Jamieson urged writers to weigh carefully the time and space they allow politicians to trash-talk science.

Continuing any coverage of the vaccine-autism fraud means the controversy also continues its foothold in mass media.

Jamieson said political orientation is often related to what folks think about science, according to a Pew Research Center report [Funk 2015].

While 71% of Democrats and Independents agree “the earth is warming due to human activity,” only 27% of Republicans agree. That difference is robust and statically significant.

Political ideology is also associated with the desire for more offshore drilling and more fracking (Republicans favor these activities) and with controls over nuclear power and alternatives to coal and oil (Democrats favor these activities).

But political leanings aren’t the only predictors of science beliefs. Take evolution, for example.

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Education and knowledge are the best predictors for fact-based and scientific beliefs

Your education and religion are associated with whether you believe humans and living entities have evolved over time. For the mass public, about two-thirds agree (65%) with scientists about evolution and one-third (31%) dispute the fact. Those with a college degree are even more convinced of evolution (75%) while about one-in-two high school drop-outs (39%) dispute science.

Evangelical individuals overwhelmingly ignore science, with 64% rejecting evolution. In contrast, Catholics tend to be more accepting of evolution, with about three-quarters (66%) taking a more scientific view.

Although religion and politics reflect just some of the linkages with how we approach science, the teaching moment was summarized in this way: Education and knowledge are the best predictors for fact-based and scientific beliefs.

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References

C. Funk and L. Rainie (2015) Americans, Politics and Science Issues, Pew Research Center, July 1

Pew Research Center (2015) Views on Human Evolution, by Education and Science Knowledge, Pew Research Center, June 30

Moyers & Company (2012) Kathleen Hall Jamieson on Political Truths and Deceptions, YouTube, September 27

Photo/Figures

(top) Kathleen Hall Jamieson. (Credit: University of Pennsylvania)
(bottom) Kathleen Hall Jamieson on Political Truths and Deceptions. (Credit: Moyers & Company)

Citation

C. Coleman (2017) Science As Politics; Politics As Science. DiverseScholar 8:4

Editor's Note

Diana Crow assisted in editing this article. Diverse Scholar is now publishing original written works. Submit article ideas by contacting us at info@DiverseScholar.org. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Unported License.

License: Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial No Derivative 3.0 Unported

Published 31-Dec-2017,
Report submitted on 12-Oct-2015

Last updated: 2019-01-01